According to the 2012 report, Global Trends 2030: Alternative Worlds, published by the National Intelligence Council of the United States, four technological areas will shape global economic, social and military advances by 2030. They are information technologies, automation technologies and manufacturing, resource technologies and health technologies.
Information technology Three technological developments with an IT focus have the power to change the way we live, do business and protect ourselves before 2030. 1. Solutions for storage and processing of large amounts of data, including “big data”, will provide greater opportunities for governments and commercial organizations to better know their customers.
Technology is here, but customers can object to the collection of so much data. Either way, those solutions are likely to herald a new economic boom in North America. 2. Social networking technologies help individual users to form social networks online with other users. They are becoming part of the fabric of online existence, as leading services integrate social functions into everything an individual can do online. Social networks allow useful and dangerous communications in various user groups and geopolitical borders. 3. Smart cities are urban environments that take advantage of solutions based on information technology to maximize economic productivity and the quality of life of citizens, minimizing the consumption of resources and environmental degradation. Automation and manufacturing technologies As manufacturing has become global in the last two decades, a global ecosystem of manufacturers, suppliers and logistics companies has formed. New manufacturing and automation technologies have the potential to change work patterns in the developed and developing worlds.
1. Robotics is now in use in a variety of civil and military applications. More than 1.2 million industrial robots are already in daily operations around the world and there are more and more applications for non-industrial robots. The US military has thousands of robots on battlefields, domestic robots open houses and cut grass, and hospital patrol robots run and distribute supplies. Its use will increase in the coming years and, with improved cognitive abilities, robotics can be extremely detrimental to the current global supply chain system and to traditional assignments of work along supply chains.
2. 3D printing technologies (additive manufacturing) allow a machine to build an object by adding one layer of material at a time. 3D printing is already in use to make models from plastics in sectors such as consumer products and the automotive and aerospace industries. Until 2030, 3D printing can replace some conventional mass productions, particularly for small production runs or where mass customization has high value.
3. Autonomous vehicles are used mainly in the armed forces and for specific tasks, for example. in the mining industry. Until 2030, autonomous vehicles can transform military operations, conflict resolution, transport and geo-prospecting, while presenting new security risks that can be difficult to solve.
At the consumer level, Google has tested a driverless car in recent years. Resource technologies Technological advances will be needed to accommodate the growing demand for resources due to global population growth and economic advances in today’s underdeveloped countries. These advances can affect food, water and energy links, improving agricultural productivity through a wide range of technologies, including precision agriculture and genetically modified crops for food and fuel. New resource technologies can also improve water management through desalination and irrigation efficiency; and increase the availability of energy through the improved extraction of oil and gas and alternative sources of energy, such as solar and wind energy, and biofuels.
The widespread communication technologies will make the potential effect of these technologies on the well-known environment, climate and health of increasingly well-educated populations. Health technologies Two groups of health technologies are described below. 1. Disease management will be made more efficient, more personalized and less expensive through new facilitating technologies, such as diagnostic devices and pathogen detection. For example, molecular diagnostic devices provide 2. Human augmentation technologies, from implants and prosthetic and energy exoskeletons to brain improvements, could allow civil and military people to work more effectively and in previously inaccessible environments.
Older people can benefit from motorized exoskeletons that help users with simple walking and lifting activities, improving the health and quality of life of aging populations. Progress in human augmentation technologies will likely face moral and ethical challenges. conclusion The report of the US National Intelligence Council states that “a change in the center of gravity from the West to the East, which has already begun, will almost certainly continue as the flows of companies, ideas, entrepreneurs and capital from the developed world to the developing countries “. the markets increase. “I am not convinced that this change will” almost certainly “happen.While the East, particularly Asia, will probably see most of the technological applications, current innovations are occurring mainly in the West, a sure bet that the center of gravity of the Technological innovation moves towards the East.